Building Expertise: Exploring Novice Debriefers’ Post-Simulation Debriefing Experiences

Weekly Webinars: Connecting and Learning with CMS

Duration Duration: 1 hour
Free Open Access Materials > Debriefing, Faculty Development, Feedback, Healthcare Simulation, Research, Webinars On-Demand

Recorded: March 10, 2021

About this session

Expertise of the debriefer is critical to ensure simulation participants achieve the best possible learning outcomes. Debriefers need a specific skills set in order to balance multiple priorities, including covering all learning objectives, facilitating reflection, incorporating teaching and feedback, managing student questions, maintaining psychological safety, and at the same time, allowing conversation to flow. As the use of simulation in healthcare continues to expand rapidly, especially during the global pandemic, large numbers of instructors find themselves to be novice debriefers in this teaching paradigm. While understanding the approaches used by novice debriefers is critical in informing faculty development needs in simulation, however, to date, very little empirical research has focused on debriefing approaches used by debriefers at any experience level, especially novices.

Drawing from their extensive experiences in simulation faculty development, Grace Ng and Daniel Lugassy share key findings and insights from their qualitative study focused on exploring experiences of novice debriefers in this webinar. Join us to discuss common experiences and challenges of novice debriefers, and explore strategies to facilitate debriefer expertise development. The presentation will be followed by an interactive Q&A where the audience can interact with the speakers.

Learning Objectives

  • Discuss common experiences of debriefers who are new to post-simulation debriefing
  • Explore strategies to facilitate building expertise for novice debriefers

Pre-webinar Preparation

Please read:

  • Ng G, Lugassy DM. A Pilot Study to Explore Novice Debriefers’ Post-Simulation Debriefing Experiences. Simulation & Gaming. November 2020. doi:10.1177/1046878120970998. Available from:


Demian Szyld

Demian Szyld, MD, EdM
Senior Director, Faculty Development Program
Center for Medical Simulation
Boston, Massachusetts, USA

Dr. Szyld is an Emergency Medicine physician at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital (BWH) and a Lecturer at Harvard Medical School. Dr. Szyld was the first Simulation and Education Fellow at the STRATUS Simulation Center at BWH and is actively involved in the Society for Simulation in Healthcare and has chaired the Formal Training Affinity Group, led the Affiliations Committee and served as an Accreditation Site Reviewer and completed a term on the Board of Directors (2016-2019).


Grace Ng

Grace Ng, PhD, CNM, RN
Nursing and Health Professions Director
New York Simulation Center for the Health Sciences (NYSIM)
New York, New York, USA

Grace Ng, PhD, CNM, RN is the Nursing and Health Professions Director at the New York Simulation Center for the Health Sciences (NYSIM), a large simulation center affiliated with both NYU Langone Health and The City University of New York. She developed a passion for simulation since 2008, when she started using simulation for obstetrics interprofessional team training. Since then, she expanded her work to using simulation to transform culture in healthcare through experiential learning, debriefing, and reflective practice. Her current teaching focus is faculty development for simulation educators. She has taught extensively in simulation instructor courses in the US and overseas, and serves as faculty at the Center for Medical Simulation in Boston, Massachusetts. Grace has authored multiple articles on teamwork and simulation. Currently, her research interests are focused on psychological safety in nursing clinical practice, as well as debriefing approaches of novice debriefers.

Grace has been a nurse for 20 years. Prior to devoting her work full time to simulation, she served as a professional development nurse educator at NYU Langone Health. She obtained her Nursing and Nurse-Midwifery degrees from Columbia University, her Post-Master’s Advanced Certificate in Nursing Education from Hunter-Bellevue School of Nursing at The City University of New York. In 2019, she completed her PhD in Nursing from the Graduate Center at The City University of New York.

Daniel Lugassy

Daniel M. Lugassy, MD
Medical Director
New York Simulation Center for the Health Sciences (NYSIM)
New York, New York, USA

Dr. Lugassy is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Emergency Medicine, he obtained his medical degree from State University of New York SUNY Downstate College of Medicine in Brooklyn, NY. After finishing a residency in Emergency Medicine at the University of Maryland in Baltimore, MD he completed a fellowship in Medical Toxicology at the NYU School of Medicine/New York City Poison Control Center. He has stayed on to be part of the NYU Emergency Medicine faculty since 2010, working clinically in the emergency departments of NYU-Langone Medical Center, Bellevue Hospital, the Manhattan Veteran’s Administration Hospital and is consultant to the New York City Poison Control Center.