Center for Medical Simulation (CMS)

100 First Avenue, Suite 400
Boston, MA 02129-2011
Phone: 617-726-3034
Fax: 617-726-3046
Email: info@harvardmedsim.org
Website: https://www.harvardmedsim.org

Principal Faculty Members

Jenny Rudolph, PhD

Jenny Rudolph, PhD
Executive Director

Dr. Rudolph is an Assistant Clinical Professor of Anesthesia at Harvard Medical School and a faculty member in the Department of Anesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine, at Massachusetts General Hospital. Drawing on a doctorate from Boston College in organizational studies, ten years of research in high hazard industries and her experience as a rock climber and world-class rower, Dr. Rudolph has unique expertise in how cognition, emotion and communication interact in high-stakes healthcare situations. With an emphasis on creating learning-oriented cultures in healthcare, Dr. Rudolph creates, studies, and writes about how to create feedback and debriefing conversations in which people can analyze and improve their skills as clinicians and educators. At CMS, Dr. Rudolph serves as Executive Director of the Center for Medical Simulation.

Dan Raemer, PhD

Dan Raemer, PhD
Chief Curiousity Officer

Dan Raemer has developed a special expertise in teamwork and crisis management over the past twenty years at the Center for Medical Simulation. He is particularly interested in the art of debriefing and is frequently called upon to facilitate multi-disciplinary teamwork sessions in a variety of specialty areas such as operating rooms, intensive care, emergency, endoscopy, and labor and delivery suites.

In 2003 Dan received a unique award from the Harvard Department of Anaesthesia for "excellence in teaching". Using simulation as a research tool to investigate healthcare worker's behaviors and thought processes has been his most enduring passion. Dan has published work in these areas and has given numerous keynote addresses for specialty societies and other healthcare organizations on simulation as it has blossomed in the last several years.

He has worked globally to establish the International Meeting on Medical Simulation, is the founding trustee and a Past-President of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare (SSH). In 2008, Dan received a "Lifetime Achievement Award" from SSH for his contributions to the field. He is also a Past-President of the Society for Technology in Anesthesia.

Dan's graduate degrees are in Bioengineering and he worked as a researcher for many years at Brigham and Women's Hospital and Massachusetts General Hospital in the Anesthesia and Critical Care Departments. In addition to his publications related to simulation practice and research, he has written extensively on monitoring devices and has a number of patents for clinically useful devices and technologies.

Gary Rossi

Gary Rossi, MBA
Chief Operating Officer

Gary is a graduate of Northeastern University (BS in Physical Therapy) and Babson College (MBA). He previously worked at Brookdale Senior Living where he served in both operations and business development roles. He has also worked as a healthcare management consultant, and at organizations such as the Joslin Diabetes Center, Rehability Corporation, and Mariner Healthcare where he served as the Senior Vice President of its Outpatient Clinics Division.

Robert Simon, EdD

Robert Simon, EdD
Senior Director, Educational Leadership and International Programs

Dr. Simon is an educator with more than 35 years experience. For nearly 25 of those years he has specialized in research, development, and training for high performance, high stress teams in aviation and medicine. He was the Principal Investigator for the US Army's Aircrew Coordination Training Program, the US Air Force's Crew Resource Management Program, and for the MedTeams program, a joint civilian and military program to transition lessons-learned from aviation crew resource management to healthcare. Following successful validation of the MedTeams program, it was adopted by the US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and renamed TeamSTEPPS. He joined the Center for Medical Simulation as Education Director in December of 2002 and in 2004, he established himself as the Director of the Center’s Institute for Medical Simulation which is intended to foster high quality simulation-based healthcare education through training clinical educators to use simulation as a teaching tool. In 2014, Dr. Simon became Director Emeritus of the Institute and assumed the CMS position of Senior Director, Educational Leadership & International Programs with the goal of helping CMS Affiliate institutions use simulation as a transformational tool. Dr. Simon is on the faculty of the Massachusetts General Hospital, the Institute of Health Professions, Harvard Medical School and the University of Cantabria. He received his baccalaureate from Washington University, masters degrees from Smith College and the University of Massachusetts, and holds a doctorate in education from the University of Massachusetts, Amherst.

Roxane Gardner, MD

Roxane Gardner, MD, MPH, DSc
Senior Director, Clinical Programs
Director, Simulation Fellowship and Visiting Scholars Program
Co-Director, Labor and Delivery Crisis Resource Management

Dr. Gardner is a board-certified Obstetrician-Gynecologist and Assistant Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology at Harvard Medical School. She has been a faculty member of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Brigham and Women's Hospital since 1999. In 2002, she joined CMS and has helped design and implement simulation-based, team-training program for labor and delivery personnel. As well as simulation instructor education. Patient safety and simulation are the focus of her research.

Demian Szyld, MD, EdM

Demian Szyld, MD, EdM
Senior Director, Institute for Medical Simulation (IMS), Simulation Educator Training Program

Demian Szyld, MD, EdM is the Senior Director of the Institute for Medical Simulation and an Emergency Physician at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital. He trained in Emergency Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania and was the first Simulation and Education Fellow at the STRATUS Simulation Center. During that time he completed a Masters in Education at the Harvard Graduate School of Education. From 2011 to 2016 he was the Medical Director of NYSIM, the simulation center of the NYU School of Medicine and the City University of New York where he established a successful Fellowship. Dr. Szyld (pronounced “shield”) is actively involved in the Society for Simulation in Healthcare and currently serves on the Board of Directors. Demian grew up in Buenos Aires, Argentina and is fluent in Spanish and English.

Robert Nadelberg, MD

Robert Nadelberg, MD
Medical Director, Anesthesia Crisis Resource Management

Dr. Nadelberg is a graduate of Dartmouth College and the Harvard Medical School. After training in surgery, and in anesthesia at the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania he received his Board Certification in Anesthesia and has been in private practice in the Boston area for the past 30 years. He is currently on the staff of the Department of Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine at the Massachusetts General Hospital and is on the faculty of both Harvard Medical School and Tufts University School of Medicine. Dr. Nadelberg serves as the Director of Anesthesia Crisis Resource Management and is the organizer of the Maintenance of Certification in Anesthesia (MOCA) course in simulation at CMS.

Toni Walzer, MD

Toni Beth Walzer, MD
Co-Director, Labor and Delivery Crisis Resource Management

Toni Beth Walzer MD is a board-certified Obstetrician Gynecologist and an Assistant Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, Part-time, at Harvard Medical School. She has been a faculty member of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology at Brigham and Women’s Hospital since 1981. In 2014 she joined Massachusetts General Hospital as an Assistant in Healthcare Education. Dr. Walzer has been a faculty member at the Center for Medical Simulation since January 2002, where she is a Director of the Labor and Delivery Program and Co-Director of the Operating Room Teams Instructor Course. She designs and implements simulation-based interprofessional team training relevant to the real clinical setting, crisis resource management, and instructor education courses for clinicians.

Janice Palaganas, PhD

Janice Palaganas, RN, MSN, PhD, ANEF
Director, Educational Innovation & Development

Dr. Palaganas is an emergency nurse and nurse practitioner with two masters in nursing from the University of Pennsylvania and a doctorate of philosophy from Loma Linda University where she studied healthcare simulation as a platform for interprofessional education. She was the implementing director of accreditation and certification for the Society for Simulation in Healthcare and continues as a member of the Board of Review for the Council for Accreditation of Healthcare Programs. Dr. Palaganas has experience as faculty for schools of nursing, public health, business administration, emergency medicine and medicine. She has been involved nationally and internationally researching healthcare simulation for interprofessional education and has been an invited speaker on topics related to interprofessional education, healthcare simulation, program development, patient safety, and accreditation.

Kate Morse, PhD

Kate Morse, RN, CRNP, PhD
Assistant Director for Educational Leadership and International Programs

Dr. Morse is the Assistant Director for Educational Leadership and International Programs at the Center for Medical Simulation and holds a faculty appointment at Massachusetts General Hospital in Anesthesia and Critical Care and in the Harvard Medical School. She is faculty in the Institute for Medical Simulation courses. Her clinical background includes critical care and she has practiced as an Adult Geriatric Acute Care Nurse Practitioner in a variety of settings. She has held various academic positions in the past, including the Associate Chair of Nurse Practitioner Programs, Associate Clinical Professor in the College of Nursing and Health Professions at Drexel University, Associate Professor at the Drexel University College of Medicine and Director of the Acute Care Nurse Practitioner Program at Drexel University. Her research interests continue to focus on simulation, faculty development, speaking up and clinical feedback.

Mary Fey, PhD, RN, CHSE

Mary Fey, PhD, RN, CHSE
Associate Director, Institute for Medical Simulation (IMS), Simulation Educator Training Program

Mary Fey has been working in the field of clinical simulation since 2007. Her work focuses on faculty development for simulation educators. She is the Associate Director of the Institute for Medical Simulation at the Center for Medical Simulation in Boston, MA and Assistant Professor at the University of Maryland School of Nursing in Baltimore, MD. Dr Fey is a co-author of the Standard of Best Practice for Simulation: Standard VI, The Debriefing Process and Standard IX, Simulation Design, published by the International Nursing Association for Clinical Simulation and Learning (INACSL). She currently serves on the Board of Directors of INACSL, where she holds the position of Vice President for Outreach. In her work with the National League for Nursing in Washington, DC, she co-authored the NLN Vision Statements: “A Vision for Teaching with Simulation” and “Debriefing Across the Curriculum”. At the University of Maryland, Dr Fey was the director of the Debra L Spunt Clinical Simulation Laboratory. She worked with faculty leaders from the seven professional schools to advance interprofessional education across the campus. She remains active in teaching with simulation at the undergraduate and graduate levels.

Walter Eppich, MD, MEd

Walter Eppich, MD, MEd

Dr. Eppich is a pediatric emergency medicine physician at the Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago. He is Assistant Professor of Pediatrics and Medical Education at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, where he serves as Director of Faculty Development in the Center for Education in Medicine. He has been a co-investigator on multiple simulation-related research grants. Nationally and internationally, he has taught extensively on many basic and advanced simulation instructor courses and has been an invited speaker on topics related to simulation and debriefing around the world. A Co-Chair of IMSH 2010, as an At-Large-Member of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare (SSH) Board of Directors from 2012-2014.

William Berry, MD, FACS

William Berry, MD, FACS

Dr. Berry is board-certified in General Surgery and Surgical Intensive Care. A research fellow in the Department of Anesthesia, Critical care and Pain Medicine at Massachusetts General Hospital and a research associate at the Harvard School of Public Health, he is also a faculty member at the Institute for Healthcare Improvement. Dr. Berry has taught clinical process improvement extensively for the Institute for Healthcare Improvement and serves on the Workforce on Patient Safety for the Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Since 2003, he has taught simulation, researched and designed scenarios, particularly for surgeons and surgical teams, at the Center for Medical Simulation.

Jeffrey Cooper, PhD

Jeffrey Cooper, PhD
Executive Director, emeritus

Jeffrey B. Cooper, PhD is the founder and Executive Director emeritus of the Center for Medical Simulation, which is dedicated to the use of simulation in healthcare as a means to improve the process of education and training and to avoid risk to patients. He is also Professor of Anaesthesia at Harvard Medical School. He received his BS in Chemical Engineering and MS in Biomedical Engineering from Drexel University in 1968 and 1970 respectively and completed a PhD in Chemical Engineering at the University of Missouri in 1972. Starting soon thereafter with the Bioengineering Unit in the Department of Anesthesia at Massachusetts General Hospital, he led the team that conducted seminal studies of critical incidents and human error in anesthesia. During the same time, he was leading a team that developed one of the first microprocessor-based medical technologies, the Boston Anesthesia System, aimed at integrating functions for the ultimate purpose of reducing human and system errors. Both of these efforts have catalyzed changes in anesthesia practice in the ensuing years. In April, 2009, Dr. Cooper retired as Director of Biomedical Engineering for the Partners Healthcare System, Inc., a technology development and service department that he organized and led for 15 years.

Dr. Cooper was a lead member of the group that created the first safety-related standards for anesthesia, equivalent versions of which have since been adopted in the US and throughout the world. He is a co-founder of the Anesthesia Patient Safety Foundation (APSF), serving continuously on its Executive Committee and for 13 years as Chairman of it Committee on Scientific Evaluation. He is now an APSF Executive Vice President. He serves on the Board of Governors of the National Patient Safety Foundation and founded its Research Program, which he chaired for seven years.

Dr. Cooper is one of the pioneers in diffusion and innovation in healthcare simulation. He has led CMS to become one of the premier simulation programs in the world. Among the more innovative programs he has created or co-developed are the Institute for Medical Simulation, live, interactive simulation video-teleconferencing and the novel Healthcare Adventures (program for training healthcare administrators and leaders in teamwork via realistic simulation). He has mentored the faculty of CMS since its inception and has stimulated, participated in and advised on various research projects.

Dr. Cooper has been awarded several honors for his work in patient safety, including the 2003 John M. Eisenberg Award for Lifetime Achievement in Patient Safety from the National Quality Forum and the Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations and the 2004 Lifetime Achievement Award from the American Academy of Clinical Engineering. The Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care of the MGH recently established the Jeffrey B. Cooper Patient Safety award in his honor.